Information about Spain

Palacio Real

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in southwestern Europe with some areas of territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. Its continental European territory is limited to the west by Portugal, to the south and east by France, Andorra and to the south by the Mediterranean Sea.

Spain is the only European country that has a physical border with an African country (Morocco).

With an area of more than 500,000 km², it is the fourth largest country in Europe. Its capital and largest city is Madrid, while other major cities include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville and Bilbao.

Spain has a rich history, having been home to several civilizations, including  the Romans, the Iberians, Celts and Phoenicians. It was under Arab rule from the 8th to the 15th century, leaving a lasting legacy, especially in architecture and culture. The Reconquista concluded in 1492 when Christian monarchs took Granada, the same year Columbus arrived in America.

Spain became a global empire that influenced many parts of the Americas, Asia and Africa. This legacy can still be seen in the world today, especially in the Spanish language, which has over 460 million native speakers, making it the second most spoken major language in the world.

The country is known for its diverse culture. Spanish cuisine, particularly dishes such as paella, tapas and churros, is popular around the world. Flamenco music and dancing, bullfighting and warm Mediterranean beaches further increase its global appeal.

Today, Spain is a constitutional monarchy, with King Felipe VI as the current monarch. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union and many other international organizations. Spain, renowned for its art, architecture and history, remains one of the top destinations for travelers from around the world.

I hope this provides a good overview! If you need more specific information or details about a specific aspect of Spain, let me know.